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The use of Python is noticeably growing among the scientific com- munity, and Astronomy is not an exception. The power of Python consists of being an extremely versatile high-level language, easy to program that combines both traditional programming and data reduction and analysis tools. Here I make a brief introduction to Python, mentioning a few programming practices implemented in the language and some of its useful features on the process of data manipulation. I cover in a little more detail the standard scientific libraries (NumPy and SciPy) for data handling, the graphical library (Matplotlib), and tools for specific use in astronomy (PyFITS and PyRAF). Good pro- gramming practices and how they are implemented at the language are also viewed. Python resources and references are mentioned through- out the text for those who wish to go deeper and make use of the power of the language.
Programming language: Python, Data analysis and visualization, Computing resources.
 Luszczek, P., & Dongarra, J. 2007, International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, 21, 360
 Magee, D. K., Bouwens, R. J., & Illingworth, G. D. 2007, Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XVI, 376, 261
 Alwall, J., Herquet, M., Maltoni, F., Mattelaer, O., & Stelzer, T. 2011, Journal of High Energy Physics, 6, 128
 HOM, E. F. Y., MARCHIS, F., LEE, T. K., HAASE, S., AGARD, D. A., & SEDAT, J. W. 2007, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 24, 1580
 NOORDAM, J. E., & SMIRNOV, O. M. 2010, Astronomy and Astrophysics, 524, A61
 COTTON, W. D. 2008, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 120, 439
 SAGE: Open Source Mathematics Software. 2011,http://www.sagemath.org/
 PYNBODY - A Python Toolkit for Astrophysical N-Body Simulation.2011, https://github.com/GuilhermeFerrari/PyNbody/
 ENTHOUGHT Python Distribution. 2011,http://www.enthought.com/products/epd.php
 ESO - The Scisoft Software Collection. 2011,http://www.eso.org/sci/software/scisoft/
 SPACE TELESCOPE SCIENCE INSTITUTE: Software & Hardware. 2011, http://www.stsci.edu/resources/software hardware/
 SCIPY , 2011. http://www.scipy.org/
 MATPLOTLIB: Python plotting, 2011. http://matplotlib.sourceforge.net/
 TOSI, Sandro. Matplotlib for Python Developers, 2009. Packt Publishing.
 PEP: Python Enhancement Proposals. 2011, http://www.python.org/dev/peps/
 APLPY Home Page. 2011, http://aplpy.github.com/
 ASTROGRID, Virtual Observatory Software. 2011,http://www.astrogrid.org/